March 01, 2022
2 min learn
Phelan stories receiving a analysis grant from WW Worldwide, Inc. Please see the examine for the opposite authors’ related monetary disclosures.
In a cohort of weight-loss maintainers, contributors had been usually motivated by well being and look issues, and demonstrated enhancements in these and different domains ensuing from weight-loss efforts, latest analysis urged.
“Weight-loss maintainers described obesity-related reminiscences, well being and look issues as motivating each the initiation and sustainment of long-term weight reduction,” Suzanne Phelan, PhD, professor within the division of kinesiology and public well being on the California Polytechnic State College in San Luis Obispo, and colleagues wrote.
Phelan and colleagues sought to find out main themes of a big cohort experiencing long-term weight-loss upkeep. Members answered open-ended questions on weight-loss triggers, present motivations, methods and experiences.
The examine included 6,139 WW Worldwide, Inc. (previously Weight Watchers) members who maintained a weight lack of at the very least 9.1 kg for at the very least 1 12 months. Researchers employed machine studying and subject modeling to evaluate responses to 6 open-ended questions. Members had been recruited through an e-mail despatched by WW.
The researchers discovered that contributors (94.3% white; 91.9% girls; imply age, 53.6 years; imply BMI, 27.8 kg/m2) misplaced 24.5 kg and maintained the loss for 3.4 years. Elements that prompted profitable weight reduction, in line with participant responses, clustered into 5 matters: medical standing, look, mobility, social prompts and alter wanted. Moreover, elements at present motivating weight reduction produced two matters: trying again at experiences at increased weight, and well being and look issues.
Researchers recognized two suggestions — perseverance within the face of setbacks and consistency in monitoring — for fulfillment in weight-loss administration. Among the many reported rewards for weight-loss administration had been improved confidence, ache, mobility, health, physique picture, medical standing and have an effect on, whereas unfavorable penalties included clothes prices, sagging pores and skin and sudden criticism from others.
“This subject evaluation urged that weight-loss maintainers in WW had been generally motivated by well being and look issues and that they skilled profound enhancements in these and different domains on account of weight-management efforts,” Phelan and colleagues wrote.
They added that future weight-maintenance analysis ought to embrace extra various populations and examine the significance of selling perseverance within the face of setbacks, sustained monitoring and making modifications in medical standing extra salient in the course of the weight-maintenance journey.
“Societal degree interventions that confront a prevailing sociocultural local weather through which weight-based shallowness and discrimination persist are wanted,” they wrote. “Though frequent themes emerged from the experiences of greater than 6,000 weight-loss maintainers, distinctive pathways had been additionally described within the lives of these engaged within the ongoing strategy of weight-loss upkeep.”